Haskell Programming

At haskell.dev, our mission is to provide a comprehensive resource for individuals interested in learning and mastering the Haskell programming language. We strive to offer high-quality content, including tutorials, articles, and examples, that cater to both beginners and experienced programmers. Our goal is to foster a community of Haskell enthusiasts who can share their knowledge and collaborate on projects, ultimately advancing the field of functional programming.

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Haskell is a functional programming language that is widely used in the development of complex software systems. It is known for its strong type system, lazy evaluation, and elegant syntax. Haskell is a great language for developers who want to write high-quality, maintainable code. This cheat sheet is designed to provide a quick reference guide for developers who are just getting started with Haskell.

Getting Started

  1. Installing Haskell

To get started with Haskell, you need to install the Haskell Platform. The Haskell Platform is a collection of tools and libraries that are used to develop Haskell applications. You can download the Haskell Platform from the official website.

  1. Setting up your development environment

Once you have installed the Haskell Platform, you need to set up your development environment. You can use any text editor or IDE to write Haskell code. Some popular text editors for Haskell include Emacs, Vim, and Sublime Text. If you prefer an IDE, you can use Haskell for Visual Studio Code or Haskell for IntelliJ IDEA.

  1. Learning the basics of Haskell

To get started with Haskell, you need to learn the basics of the language. This includes learning about data types, functions, and control structures. You can find many resources online to help you learn Haskell, including tutorials, books, and videos.

Data Types

  1. Basic Data Types

Haskell has several basic data types, including:

  1. Lists

Lists are a fundamental data structure in Haskell. A list is a collection of elements of the same type. You can create a list in Haskell using square brackets. For example:

myList = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5]
  1. Tuples

Tuples are another data structure in Haskell. A tuple is a collection of elements of different types. You can create a tuple in Haskell using parentheses. For example:

myTuple = (1, "hello", True)


  1. Defining Functions

In Haskell, you define functions using the following syntax:

functionName arg1 arg2 = expression

For example, here is a function that adds two numbers:

addNumbers x y = x + y
  1. Anonymous Functions

In Haskell, you can define anonymous functions using the following syntax:

(\arg1 arg2 -> expression)

For example, here is an anonymous function that adds two numbers:

(\x y -> x + y)
  1. Higher-Order Functions

In Haskell, functions are first-class citizens. This means that you can pass functions as arguments to other functions and return functions from functions. Functions that take other functions as arguments or return functions are called higher-order functions.

Control Structures

  1. If-Then-Else

In Haskell, you can use the if-then-else control structure to make decisions. The syntax for if-then-else is as follows:

if condition then expression1 else expression2

For example:

if x > 0 then "positive" else "negative"
  1. Case Expressions

In Haskell, you can use case expressions to pattern match on values. The syntax for case expressions is as follows:

case expression of
  pattern1 -> expression1
  pattern2 -> expression2

For example:

case x of
  0 -> "zero"
  1 -> "one"
  _ -> "other"
  1. Loops

In Haskell, you can use recursion to implement loops. For example, here is a function that computes the factorial of a number using recursion:

factorial 0 = 1
factorial n = n * factorial (n - 1)


  1. Importing Modules

In Haskell, you can import modules using the following syntax:

import ModuleName

For example, to import the Data.List module, you would use the following syntax:

import Data.List
  1. Qualified Imports

In Haskell, you can use qualified imports to avoid name clashes. The syntax for qualified imports is as follows:

import qualified ModuleName as Alias

For example, to import the Data.List module with the alias "L", you would use the following syntax:

import qualified Data.List as L
  1. Exporting Modules

In Haskell, you can export modules using the following syntax:

module ModuleName (function1, function2, ...) where

For example, to export the functions "addNumbers" and "multiplyNumbers" from a module called "MyModule", you would use the following syntax:

module MyModule (addNumbers, multiplyNumbers) where


Haskell is a powerful programming language that is well-suited for developing complex software systems. This cheat sheet provides a quick reference guide for developers who are just getting started with Haskell. By learning the basics of Haskell, including data types, functions, control structures, and modules, you can start writing high-quality, maintainable code in Haskell.

Common Terms, Definitions and Jargon

1. Haskell: A purely functional programming language that emphasizes on immutability and lazy evaluation.
2. Functional programming: A programming paradigm that emphasizes on the use of functions to solve problems.
3. Pure function: A function that always returns the same output for a given input and has no side effects.
4. Side effect: A change in the state of the program or the outside world caused by a function.
5. Lazy evaluation: A technique where expressions are evaluated only when their values are needed.
6. Immutability: The property of an object that cannot be changed after it has been created.
7. Higher-order function: A function that takes one or more functions as arguments or returns a function as its result.
8. Lambda calculus: A formal system for expressing computation based on functions and variables.
9. Type system: A set of rules that govern the use of types in a programming language.
10. Type inference: The process of deducing the type of an expression without explicitly specifying it.
11. Polymorphism: The ability of a function or data type to work with values of different types.
12. Monoid: A mathematical structure that has an associative binary operation and an identity element.
13. Functor: A type class that represents a container that can be mapped over.
14. Applicative: A type class that represents a container that can be applied to a function.
15. Monad: A type class that represents a computation that can be sequenced and composed.
16. Category theory: A branch of mathematics that studies the properties of mathematical structures and their relationships.
17. Algebraic data type: A data type that is defined by a set of constructors and can be decomposed into its constituent parts.
18. Pattern matching: A technique for extracting data from algebraic data types by matching against their constructors.
19. Recursion: A technique for solving problems by breaking them down into smaller subproblems.
20. Tail recursion: A form of recursion where the recursive call is the last operation performed in a function.

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